Spent a couple hours trying to figure out how OpenLDAP can be used as an user authentication source for pfSense since I blew away the working configuration I previously had. Whenever I'm about to wipe a machine or delete a VM I always think "is there anything else I need off of here" and without fail, I end up forgetting about some obscure config that I previously spent hours on. Oh well. At least I might as well attempt to document it here in case I do something so foolish again.
What I needed was a guide, but for OpenLDAP -> User Manager instead of a guide for Active Directory -> User Manager. Unfortunately I couldn't find one. It's not like these guides have a ton of configuration info, there are very few settings. So I imagine that most people either know what they are doing, or use Active Directory, or perhaps just have much better luck and memory than I.
In any case, here's how I've got it working.
To be honest, I've not a clue how I setup my OpenLDAP server. It was a mix of various Ubuntu guides applied to an Arch Linux system. And the whole "we store the configuration in LDAP" makes my head hurt. I really hope there are some massive benefits to storing the configuration that way.
Also, I'm using OpenLDAP here instead of just LDAP because there seems to be quite a number of different ways of making things happen in OpenLDAP vs other LDAP implementations.
My user account
cn: Jason McNeil
As far as I am aware, how I'm using ou is incorrect. However, that weirdness is exactly what makes this work. This our way of telling pfSense what groups my user is a part of. I do have correct groups elsewhere, but it would appear that pfSense has no clue on how to look those up, and either I don't know how or OpenLDAP lacks the ability to do the memberOf lookup that Active Directory is capable of. It appears that pfSense 2.1 will have the ability to require that the user be part of a specific group via extended query, however that's not what I'm needed, at least, if I understand that feature correctly.
System : User Manager : Group Manager
Create a group with a name that exactly matches the CN of the OU your user(s) will be a part of. In my case I might create the following groups.
The member count will show 0 on these groups, unless you add a local user to the group. Be sure to add permissions for this group, however leaving the permissions blank won't have any ill effects until after everything is working and you try and login with an LDAP user.
System : User Manager : Servers : LDAP Server Settings
- Search Scope:
- Level: Entire Subtree
- Base DN: [empty]
- Authentication containers: ou=People,dc=example,dc=com
- Bind credentials: Use anonymous binds to resolve distinguished names
- User naming attribute: uid
- Group naming attribute: cn
- Group member attribute: ou
You might have to set bind credentials, depends on how you setup your LDAP server. The attributes were the tricky parts for me. When you test the authentication frmo the Diagnostics: Authentication page, if everything except for the attributes are correct you should still see the User: [username] authenticated successfully. message.
Is it working?
From the Diagnostics : Authentication page you should see a message similar to the following when LDAP search and group membership (via our OU abuse) is working.
User: jasonrm authenticated successfully.
This user is a member of these groups:
In my case, Developers isn't shown as a group I'm a member of because I haven't created that group on the pfSense side despite me having the OU entry.
I hope this is helpful to someone, even if it ends up being myself at a later date after I've blown away yet another test machine...
Lots of talk about how jobs of all kinds are being "shipped overseas" over the past few decades ramping up around an election and mostly ignored thereafter. I'm certainly no economist, however I do understand the core principal of any company. Make profit. It's self-interest to make as much profit. Any company that chooses to not maximize profit for the long term will not survive.
Maximizing profit however does not entail any particular strategy. It's not a given that maximizing profit means using the cheapest materials and selling them to a customer at high price. Maybe some will choose that path, but short term gains usually end in the company being acquired by one more stable. Does this always happen? I imagine not.
What happens when I find the best product in a category that aligns with my income? I buy it. Country of origin is rarely, if ever, something I have cared about. I look for the best product to spend my money on, as in investment in that item for the future use of it. I know Apple isn't going to be the cheapest hardware maker, however I've come to trust their design and support. I've experienced PC manufacturer support before and somehow I lived to tell the tales. Sure it's not as cheap, but I allow Apple to maximize their profit and I obtain what I consider to be a superior product. If Apple needs to make in the USA so that a better product is produced, then I'll be willing to pay that premium.
Why do some expect companies to operate differently than a large number of Americans? Most people don't bid out a project and try and find the one that uses mostly USA products. They look for quality of people and materials used. Where it's from doesn't matter so much unless one country of origin is of superior quality than another. It's not about country vs. country. It's about maximizing profit. Aside from earning more at work, how can the average employee maximize profit? By spending their money wisely and finding the optimal product for their needs and budget.
If America wants to produce all the products we've shipping overseas (or to our North and South America neighbors) then America will need to produce a higher level of quality for the additional cost.
Although blatant theft of designs like I've seen a certain audio gear maker produce makes me sick, I understand why some people might buy them. To me I'd rather support the original designers because I want them to produce more gear that I can use in the future. I invest in their future so that when I need something down the road, I know they'll still be around to provide it. Cheap knock-off mills are never going to have the same level of support, it's not what their goal is.
Well, this has been a bit of mixed rambling, but here we are, a slightly technical post instead of me whining about a girl I love. Whoops.
Almost made the mistake of going down the "I'm going to build everything" rabbit hole again.
I got to thinking, what if in this crazy new world where I write a lot more I get a lot of traffic from some other site? What if GitHub Pages where this is currently hosted can't handle the traffic? So I started looking at Amazon CloundFront again and started the process of setting up the various pieces. Somehow I managed to stop myself before I wasted more than a few minutes on it. So maybe there is hope for me yet.
Why are some companies so retarded?
Your stupid inline "onpaste" override is not going to stop me from pasting my account number or password.
In fact, most people are going to pick eaiser passwords because of that. Sure you don't have to deal with as many people forgetting thier password. And maybe thats just it, it's your way of saying that you don't care about really keeping your customers accounts safe. You just like the illusion.
And I expect it from a company like Capital One, not such much from the Apple Developer login.
I'm sick of wasting time on tools instead of getting things done.
Thus, I'm going to try and move as much as possible of my personal projects over to GitHub through the end of the year starting with my website and this blog.
I had been using nanoc and the LESS/CoffeeScript to CSS/JS compiler. It works, however the actual process of updating just feels like a pain. Where as now that I have a Jekyll repo in GitHub Pages I can directly create and edit posts from prose.io with ease. I'm sure there are going to be some issues and leaving behind LESS and CoffeeScript was painful, however I shouldn't be screwing around with my blog much, rather I should be focusing on the real projects that I want to get done.
It wasn't easy, I even started a repo for a new "jason's custom web server and pre-processor and compressor"... it would have been awesome. An awesome waste of time and for what? I've already built all those things, no reason to rebuild it for a website/blog.
Maybe I'm finally maturing.
Not likely, as one thing I did make sure my template supports is a way to quickly make snarky posts about random things or links. Basicly, twitter-light.
Anyhow. I got this all working in a day, where as the previous things took a few, so already my "move everything to GitHub" plan seems to be paying off.